Turismo en Kazajstán

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Catálogo turístico "Kazajstán. Una realidad de ensueño"

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The Republic of Kazakhstan attaches fairly great importance to the development to certain spheres of present-day infrastructure including tourism.
Accordingly, there have been signed Agreements on co-operation in the field of tourism with Turkey, Iran, Xinjang Uigur Autonomous Area of China, Moldova, Hungary, the State of Israel, Kyrghyzstan and Egypt. Currently at the stage of preparation are intergovernmental and interdepartmental agreements with Croatia, Pakistan, Singapore and China.

In 1993 the Republic of Kazakhstan became a full member of the World Tourism Organization. The body that accomplishes state management in the field of tourism in the Republic of Kazakhstan is the Committee for Tourism and Sports under the Ministry of Education, Culture and Health Care. Administration is carried out through certain departments of the executive bodies of power, state-owned tourism representations in other countries.

ImageFor purposes of tourism promotion in the Republic of Kazakhstan they have elaborated a certain standard-and- legal basis. There is a Law "On Tourism" enforced in 1992. It embraces virtually all types of tourism and specifies legal, economic, social and organizational fundamentals of undertaking tourism activities on the territory of the Republic. Besides there exist several enactments concerning tourism issues adopted by the Government of the Republic. Incidentally, they include a number of documents regulating licensing of tourism activities.

The year of 1993 highlighted adoption of the National Programme for developing tourism industry in the Republic of Kazakhstan. In 1997 the authorities passed yet another document - State Programme of the Republic of Kazakhstan "Regeneration of historic centres of the Great Silk Route, preservation and successive development of cultural legacy of Turkic-speaking states, creation of tourism infrastructure in 1997-2003". In addition, in 1997 they have elaborated a stratedy of tourism development up to the year of 2030.

Nowadays there function in the Republic of Kazakhstan 430 tourism agencies, firms and bureaus of various property forms. They employ nearly 6,000 people, 1,500 professional guides.

ImageKazakhstan tourism firms co-operate with almost 80 countries of the world. Some 25 tourism firms in Almaty and 5 companies in regional centres arrange charter flights to India, Turkey, the United Arab Emirates, Pakistan, South Korea, Greece and Poland.
As a matter of fact Kazakhstan provides for all ever known varieties of tourism - cognitive, entertaining, ethnic, ecological, rehabilitative, children-oriented, sportive, hunting, equestrian and adventure ones.

Potential tourists are offered over 700 travel routes about the territory of Kazakhstan.
Tourism - yielded profits grow annually. Thus, if in 1995 the range of rendered tourism-rendered services brought 2,019,450,000 tenge, the respective income in 1996 amounted already to 3,312, 924,800 tenge. Share of national income generated from tourism (as against 1991) has grown from 0.06% to 0.23%.
Kazakhstan may offer 372 hotels of various classes with a simultaneous accomodation of 36,876 people. Almaty can afford offering 25 hotels to the capacity of 4,950 places.

Foreign guests are offered every modern services in such hotels as "Alatau", "Kazakhstan", "Dostyk", "Issyk", "Astana", "Ankara", "Hyatt Regency Almaty", "Intourist"- all of them do offer services that meet world standards.

The Republic of Kazakhstan is well known for rather unique natural and geographic conditions.

ImageSouth-Kazakhstan (Almaty, Jambyl, South-Kazakhstan and Kyzylorda regions) is an area rich with ancient history and culture known for such famous monuments of medieval architecture as mausoleums of Aisha-Bibi, Karakhan, Babadzha-Khatun in Taraz, an architectural ensemble of Khodja Akhmet Yasavi in Turkestan, etc. This list may be nicely supplemented with unique Scythian burial mounds in Semirechje (Almaty region). It is, incidentally, the very region that has played host to the world-famous space-vehicle launching site Baikonyr. Besides, the region affords unique climatic opportunities for recreation, rehabilitation, hunting, alpinism, mountain-skiing and skating.

ImageWest Kazakhstan (Aktobe, Atyrau, Mangystau regions) is situated on the crossroads of the European and Asian continents in the basin of the Caspian Sea, the Volga and the Ural. It is the location of the world second deepest depression - that of Kargije lying 132 m below sea level, remarkable chalky rocks. One can find here fine areas rich with game which promise good hunting, can entertain ideas of good luck in angling, in water sports. Tremendous scientific interest present reserves and monuments of ancient Mangyshlak and Ustyurt, numerous memorable places evoking Kazakh epos.

ImageNorth Kazakhstan (Kostanay, North-Kazakhstan and Pavlodar regions). Everything here - landscape, climatic conditions - favour all sorts of tourist recreation - automobile, bicycle, water ones.

Health resorts of Kokshetau, Bayan-aul, Muyaldy offer fine rehabilitation opportunities while natural preserves Kurgaldzhino and Naurzum would be quite interesting for amateurs of "cognitive" tourism.

ImageCentral Kazakhstan (Karagandy region) displays to perfect advantage one of the largest lakes of the world - the lake of Balkhash supplemented by a unique mountaneous and forest oasis. The area harbours plenty of memorable places exhibiting various archaeological and ethnographic relics.

ImageEast Kazakhstan is represented by the Altai and its wooded foothills, the river of Irtysh and such lakes as Zaisan, Markakol, Alakol, Sauskan. Fairly rich are flora and fauna of the region. Besides Semipalatinsk region is the birthplace of the great Kazakh poet - enlightener Abay Kunanbaev, remarkable writer Mukhtar Auezov.

Nature Reserves of the Republic of Kazakhstan

ImageAksu-Zhabagly (South-Kazakhstan region). Set up in 1927. It derived its name from those of Aksu and Zhabagly. Quite remarkable is the canyon of the Aksu river: its banks are almost vertical (up to 300-500 m), often fairly inaccessible. Total area makes up 85,300 ha. It embraces picturesque Alpine landscapes of North-West ridges of the Talass Alatau and the Ugam range. In the reserve one can find 1,404 species of plants while the fauna is represented by 47 and 239 species of animals and birds respectively. Typical inhabitants - Siberian ibex, roe, Caspian deer, boar, weasel, vulture with rare species among them: snow leopard, Turkestan lynx, Pamir argali, red bear, golden eagle, saker falcon, short-toed eagle.
The reserve plays host to paleontological burial places Karabastau and Akbastau on the slopes of the Karatau mountain. We witness here rarest ever imprints of all sorts of fish, molluses, tortoises, insects of Jurassic period which once inhabited the sea basin that lapped here some 120 million years ago.Image

Image(Kostanai region). Set up in 1934 with the aim of protecting the Naurzum pine forest - one of the southernmost massifs of pine forests in Kazakhstan while the region's lake harbours nesting places of water fowl. The territory is as large as 87,700 ha. The reserve is inhabited with 39 species of animals and 239 species of birds and there grow some 961 species of plants. Incidentally, white heron refers to one of the exceedingly rare and most interesting inhabitants of the reserve.

ImageKurgaldzhino (Akmola region). Set up in 1968 for purposes of preserving the rarest ever nesting bird - pink flamingo. Indeed, the lake of Tenghiz is the northernmost nesting place of the pink flamingo. The reserve extends for some 243,700 ha of which 199,200 ha, i.e. more than one half thereof, is occupied by water table. One can encounter here 42 species of animals, 298 bird species and 331 species of plants. The number of waterfowl here is particularly impressive let alone the fact that it includes such rare species as Dalmatian pelican, flamingo and mute swan, both nesting and ecdysial.

ImageTenghiz-Kurgaldzhino lakes are the place that attracts immense numbers of waterfowl in periods of spring migrations, the very phenomenon that has brought world renown to the reserve. It is far from fortuitous that the place is entered in the list of UNESCO as a particularly protected landscape of swamp-and-lake areas.

ImageAlmaty reserve (Almaty reion). Founded in 1961 to enclose the territory of 73,300 ha. The reserve numbers 137 species of plants, 39 species of animals and 200 species of birds. Referring to rare ones are red bear, snow leopard and Turkestan lynx.
The reserve proper includes a desert-like section of the valley of the Ili-river known for its uncommonly unique natural phenomenon - sand barkhans. These are the so-called "singing sands" 150 m high producing loud sounds when one moves along their floaty slopes. The landscape is quite picturesque, "embellished" with plentiful glaciers, firn basins and rocks.

ImageMarkakol natural reserve (East Kazakhstan region). Set up in the year of 1976 as a measure of protection and study of the natural complex of the South Altai. The area totals 75,000 ha. There are 721 species of plants, 59 species of animals and 25 species of birds in the reserve. Most common species are bears and Caspian deer. Of particular interest is no doubt a big mountain lake Markakol of tectonic origin: it lies at a height of 1,485 m above sea level. Its water table ranges for some 544 sq.m with maximum depth down to 27 m. One of the inhabitants thereof is a quite rare fish - uskuch whitefish.

ImageUstyurt reserve (Mangystau region). Set up in 1984 with the territory of 223,000 ha. It occupies a portion of the chink of the Ustyurt plateau. There are no permanent water flows but there occur drainless basins of which the largest is Barsakelmes, 70x30 km in size. The reserve protects 261 species of plants, 27 animal species and 111 species of birds. Reptiles are quite widespread: 27 species. Desert monitor is entered in the Red Book. Nearly just as rare are Ustyurt munflon, long-needled hedgehog, Persian gazelle, karakal lynx, golden eagle, short-toed eagle, Egyptian vulture, saker falcon.

ImageWest-Altai reserve (East-Kazakhstan region). Set up in 1991, totalling an area of 56,000 ha. It numbers 564 species of plants, 30 animal species and 120 species of birds.

ImageBarsa-Kelmes (Kyzylorda region). Founded in 1939. The reserve is situated on an island of the same name in the Aral sea. Its territory is as large as 30, 000 ha. Some 250 species of plants constitute its flora. Its fauna that numbers 56 species of animals includes - among others - Asiatic wild ass, Persian gazelle, corsac fox and wolf. 203 is the number of bird species.

In addition thereto there has been founded a Bayan-Aul natural park with an area of about 45,000 ha. It is by right a mountain forest oasis surrounded by desert-like steppes. Weathered granite Bayanaul mountains covered with pine and birch-tree forests govern semi-desert plains of the Kazakh hummocky topography interrupted by exceedingly beautiful lakes of Zhasyby, Toraigyr and Sabyndykol.
The overall picture of Kazakhstani natural reserves may be supplemented with 83 game reserves which cover an area of up to 4,600,000 ha. The regime prevailing therein stipulates limited economic use of only a part of natural resources. The reserves may be classified into hunting, geological, botanical, zoological, lake, swamp and landscape ones.